The duty of remembrance:

The MemoShoah association was created to raise awareness of and inform people about the appalling fate suffered by the Jews of Luxembourg during the terrible years of Nazi rule from 1940 to 1945, and, at the same time, to spotlight the genocides which, since then, other innocent populations have suffered.

MemoShoah was born out of the shared awareness of a group of concerned individuals of different faiths and backgrounds. Their shared interest led them to found an association to organise and support projects and initiatives relating to Remembrance of the Shoah in general and its Jewish victims from Luxembourg in particular.

Our priorities:

  • The creation at the convent of Cinqfontaines of a memorial site and educational forum where Remembrance can be perpetuated. The Nazis had turned Cinqfontaines into an internment camp for Jews. It was from here that hundreds of victims, most of whom were sick and/or elderly were taken away to the ghettos and extermination camps of eastern Europe.
  • The creation of a national memorial on a suitable site in the City of Luxembourg for the victims of the Shoah, intended to serve our fellow citizens and visitors from abroad as a place of Remembrance and reflection.
  • Organisation and support of educational projects, including making the travelling exhibition “Between Shade and Darkness – The fate of the Jews of Luxembourg from 1940 à 1945’ available to interested institutions and associations.
  • The continuation of historical research on the subject of anti-Semitism, the persecution of Jewish citizens in Luxembourg and, not least, the question of responsibility.

For some time now, more and more questions are being asked about this dark chapter in our history:

It was several decades before the extermination of the Jews formed part of the Luxembourgish collective memory. It took some time for the subject to attract the attention of historians and it was only gradually that schools began to teach it.

  • What influence did collaborators have on the policies of the occupying power?
  • What attitude did the population of Luxembourg adopt in the face of the increasing social exclusion of the Jews?
  • What attitude did the population of Luxembourg adopt in the face of the increasing social exclusion of the Jews?
  • What position did the Church take?
  • Why was the number of Jews hidden in Luxembourg so small?
  • What happened to the despoiled property?
  • Why were the surviving foreign Jews who had lived in Luxembourg before the war not entitled to the least compensation when they returned?